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          李超然 编辑整理

          Passage 1

          LONDON — The world is losing the battle against diabetes as the number of people estimated to be living with the disease soars to a record high of 382 million this year, medical experts said on Thursday. The vast majority have type 2 diabetes - the kind linked to obesity and lack of exercise - and the epidemic is spreading as more people in the developing world adopt Western, urban lifestyles. The latest estimate from the International Diabetes Federation is equivalent to a global prevalence rate of 8.4 percent of the adult population and compares to 371 million cases in 2012. By 2035, the organization predicts the number of cases will have soared by 55 percent to 592 million. ―The battle to protect people from diabetes and its disabling, life-threatening complications is being lost,‖ the federation said in the sixth edition of its Diabetes Atlas, noting that deaths from the disease were now running at 5.1 million a year or one every six seconds. People with diabetes have inadequate blood sugar control, which can lead to a range of dangerous complications, including damage to the eyes, kidneys and heart. If left untreated, it can result in premature death. ―Year after year, the figures seem to be getting worse,‖ said David Whiting, an epidemiologist and public health specialist at the federation. ―All around the world we are seeing increasing numbers of people developing diabetes.‖ He said that a strategy involving all parts of society was needed to improve diets and promote healthier lifestyles. The federation calculates diabetes already accounts for annual healthcare spending of $548 billion and this is likely to rise to $627 billion by 2035. Worryingly, an estimated 175 million of diabetes cases are as yet undiagnosed, so a huge number of people are progressing towards complications unawares. Most of them live in low- and middle-income countries with far less access to medical care than in the United States and Europe. The country with the most diabetics overall is China, where the case load is expected to rise to 142.7 million in 2035 from 98.4 million at present. But the highest prevalence rates are to be found in the Western Pacific, where more than a third of adults in Tokelau, Micronesia and the Marshall Islands already are living with the disease.

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          Pharmaceutical companies have developed a range of medicines over the years to counter diabetes, but many patients still adequately struggle to control their condition, leading to a continuing hunt for improved treatments. 1.Diabetes is a type of disease that caused by ________. A.obesity B.lacking of exercise C.unhealthy diet D.both A and B 2.In the passage,the author refers to many datas in order to _______. on all of the people to battle against diabetes B.explain the seriousness of diabetes them to the other diseases D.prove the number of patients of diabetes is frequently increasing 3.The underlined phrase ―accounts fo‖here means ________ A.give a reason for B.give a statement to show how money or goods have been dealt with C.amount to responsible for 4.From the article you can infer that ________. A.developed countries have more diabetes than developing countries recently B.Asia may has the most diabetes than any other continent by 2035 C.only America and some Europe countries have developed a series of medicines to control diabetes least 51 million people died from diabetes every decade before 5.Which is the title of the article________ A.Diabetes Battle 'Being Lost' B.Diabetes Battle 'Being Getting better' C.Diabetes Battle 'How to Control' D.Diabetes Battle ''Number One Killer‖ ACBAD Passage 2

          China has conducted the first test-flight of its J-20 stealth fighter, Chinese President Hu Jintao has confirmed to US Defence Secretary Robert Gates. The confirmation came after images of the 15-minute flight in Chengdu appeared on several Chinese websites. Mr Hu said that the flight had not been timed to coincide with Mr Gates‘ visit, the US defence secretary said. The US is currently the only nation with a fully operational stealth plane. But both Russia and China are known to be working on patterns of stealth fighters, which are invisible to radar. Mr Gates‘ three-day visit to Beijing comes among US concern over the speed at which China‘s military is modernising and upgrading its technology. ―I asked President Hu about it directly, and he said that the test had absolutely nothing to do with my visit and had been a pre-planned test. And that‘s where we left it,‖ Mr Gates was quoted as saying by Reuters news agency. Leaked images of what was said to be China‘s J-20 fighter first appeared earlier this month during taxi tests at the Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute. On Tuesday, the plane took off and flew for about 15 minutes, according to

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          eyewitness accounts published on unofficial Chinese web portals. A video clip of the flight was also posted on the web.China says it expects the stealth plane to be operational some time between 2017 and 2019. But earlier this month the Pentagon played down concerns over the fighter. ―Developing a stealth capability with a pattern and then integrating that into a fight environment is going to take some time,‖ said US director of naval intelligence Vice Admiral David Dorsett. China‘s official military budget increased very fast between 1999 and 2009 as the country‘s economy grew. In 2010 it stood at $78bn (? 50bn). But the US has by far the largest defence budget in the world at just over $700bn.

          1. From the underlined sentence in the third paragraph we can infer that ___________. A. China did its first test-flight of stealth plane in order to warn USA B. China did its first test-flight of stealth plane as planned C. China would like to remind Robert Gates of China‘s new weapons D. China decided to test the fighter when Robert Gates visited China 2. What does the underlined words ― video clip‖ in the 9th paragraph mean? A. a small metal for holding something. B. a piece of jewellery fastening to someting. C. an act of cutting something to make it shorter. D. a short of a movie that is shown separately. 3. According to the passage, money spent on military in China is about _______ of that in the USA. A. 10% B. 20% C. 30% D. 50%

          4. Why did US Defence Secretary Robert Gates visit China? A. The USA hoped to know about China‘s stealth planes. B. The USA hoped to cooperate with China in developing stealth planes. C. The USA played down concerns over the new fighter in China. D.The USA concerned about China‘s military modernising and new technology. 5. What‘s the best title of this passage? A. China conducts first test-flight of stealth plane B. Stealth plane in China shocked the USA. C. Robert Gates confirmed the stealth plane in China. D. China‘s stealth plane will be the competitor to the USA.



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          Many books have been written about China through the eyes of Western authors with observations usually framed by their own cultural background. But Harvard University student John Thornton approaches the country from a different perspective, unburdened with adult values. In his first novel, Beautiful Country, the author describes the country and its culture through the eyes of a 14-year-old American boy called Chase. It depicts the protagonist's experiences as he witnesses how a talented young Chinese tennis player becomes caught between the country's old and new values, between following the rules and bending those that inhibit his development as a player. Interwoven are Chase's feelings and insights about Chinese culture and social phenomena. "I think children see the world in a pure and unfiltered way. Their minds are free from preconceived biases and impressions, so they can see things in a very unique way," he says. Born in London, Thornton, now 22, came to Beijing when he was 14 to spend a year studying Chinese and training with the Beijing junior tennis team. As an avid writer, he kept journals during his stay that later became resources for his novel. "Prior to coming to China, I had a very limited knowledge of the country," he says. "But the year I spent in Beijing really opened my eyes and I saw what a fascinating and complex and rapidly evolving country China is." The Chinese version of Beautiful Country was released in May. Thornton says that what impressed him most about China was young people's persistence. Even though the talented Chinese player he depicts becomes a day laborer when the story ends, he says that "the keynote is still positive, because he is still young and he won't give up easily". That is also why he named the book Beautiful Country, as it is a place with hope and people that never give up, he says.


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          1.Perhaps you can read this article in a _________ column. A. Science and technology C.culture and custom and journal D.novel and essay

          2.John Thornton approves China is a beautiful country via ________ A.his own witness about China B.a 14-year-old protagonist's experiences in China American boy‘s experiences in China D.a tennis player‘s description in Beijing 3.The third paragraph implies that the review of a child about something is _________. A.indirect B.indifferent C.ridiculous D.pure

          4.Which of the following is not true. A.John Thornton has ever been in China for 8 years. B.John Thornton was a tennis player when he was in Beijing C.The novel ―Beautiful Country‖has been printed in Chinese. D.China is a place with hope and people that sometimes give up. 5.How many factors that Thornton refers to in his novel that China is a beautiful country? A.two B.three C.four D.five


          Passage 4

          Screen legend Elizabeth Taylor died today at age 79. She died of heart attack on March 23, 2011 with all her children around her at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, where she had been in hospital for about six weeks in Los Angeles. Taylor won three Oscars, including a special one for her humanitarian work. But she was pained by ill health, failed romances and personal tragedy. People fell in love with Elizabeth Taylor in 1944, when she starred in National Velvet—the story of Velvet Brown, a young girl who wins first place in a famous horse race. At first, the producers of the movie told Taylor that she was too small to play the part of Velvet. However, they waited for her for a few months as


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          she exercised and trained—and added three inches to her height in four months! Her acting in National Velvet is still considered the best by a child actress. Elizabeth Taylor was born in London in 1932. Her parents, both Americans, had moved there for business reasons. When World War II started, the Taylors moved to Beverly Hills, California, and there Elizabeth started acting in movies. After her success as a child star, Taylor had no trouble moving into adult roles and won twice for Best Actress: Butterfield 8(1960) and Who‘s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966). Taylor‘s fame and popularity gave her a lot of power with the movie industry, so she was able to demand very high pay for her movies. In 1963, she received $1 million for her part in Cleopatra—the highest pay received by any star up to that time. Elizabeth Taylor is a legend of our time. Like Velvet Brown in National Velvet, she has been lucky: she has beauty, fame and wealth. But she is also a hard worker. In a career of more than 70 years and more than 50 films, she was titles as the best actress in the USA. In addition, she puts much time and efforts into her businesses, and into helping others—about 30 years ago, she founded an organization that has raised more than $40 million for research and education. 1. The producers didn‘t let Taylor play the part of Velvet at first because they thought she ____. A. was small in size C. did not play well enough B. was too young D. did not show much interest

          2. What Elizabeth Taylor and Velvet Brown had in common was that they were both _____. A. popular all their lives C. successful when very young B. famous actresses D. rich and kind-hearted

          3. Taylor became Best Actress at the age of __________ . A. 12 B. 28 C. 31 D. 34

          4. In her later life, Elizabeth Taylor devoted herself to ___________. A. doing business and helping others C. collecting money for the poor 5. What‘s the best title of this passage? A. Elizabeth Taylor, Lifelong Star, Dies at 79 B. Elizabeth Taylor‘s death C. Elizabeth Taylor‘s romances and personal tragedy. D. Elizabeth Taylor helped a lot of people B. turning herself into a legend D. going about research and education work



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          China News Service reported in August that a group of Chinese immigrants in New York were dancing in public with a stereo that was so loud that it attracted the attention of police. Beijing Youth Daily reported a case in Shandong province where a man fired a gun and unleashed his dogs to dispel a dance group who danced late into the night in early November. But square dances, especially those with strong cultural ties, are worthy of public appreciation. "It dates back to the traditional folk dances, it's a natural invention," says Ming Wenjun, vice-president of Beijing Dance Academy. Ming is a specialist in folk dance research and was on the judging panel of the Galaxy Awards. "They start as a ceremony related to the group's belief, cultural lore, and are part of educating the group on manners and behavior," Ming says. "These functions of the dances weaken with urbanization, but the dances remain a very important part of our culture." Square dancing cannot be properly categorized because it is a mixture of styles and themes. It's engaging, entertaining and distinctly characteristic of one's cultural upbringing. "(In the Galaxy Awards) the square dances are representative of a group's cultural identity," Ming says. "You see a soft whip, or a longevity drum, or an umbrella prop, you immediately know the dancer's hometown." "The square dance is fun and easy for the dancers themselves. People become very invested in it," Ming says. And most importantly, the dance brings the dancers knowledge of themselves. "The moves are the ritual that gives us Chinese the sense of order and human relations," Ming says. "Questions of who we are, and why we Chinese cling to our home, are answered here." 1.we can infer from the first paragraph that ________ A.some people are against the square dance B.The square dance shouldn‘t be performed in foreign countries C,The square dance has no realistic meanings

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          D.The square dance is unpopular with any people 2.The author‘s attitude towards the square dance is _________. A.indifferent B.negative C.positive D.contrary

          3.Why does the writer quote Mr.Ming‘s words?Because he wants to __________. A.prove the square dance is worthy of being forbidden B.indicate that square dancing is well worth further cultivating C.square dancing is only a form of entertaining and fun D,persuade people not to interfere the square dance 4.The following are correct except _________. A.The square dance is engaging, entertaining and distinctly characteristic of one's cultural upbringing. B.The square dance helps us understand who we are and where we are from C.The square dance is a representative of a group's cultural identity with strong cultural ties, D.Most importantly, square dancing brings the audience different knowledge of themselves. 5.The underlined phrase in the last paragraph here exactly means ________. A.close to B.hold firmly ACBDD C.insist on D.attach to

          Passage 6

          The crisis at the damaged Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Station in northern Japan has raised worries about radiation risks. Jonathan Links, an expert in radiation health sciences at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Maryland, says workers within the nuclear plant are the only people at risk of extremely high doses of radiation(辐射量). ―Of course, we don‘t know what doses they‘ve received, but the only persons at risk of strong radiation effects are the workers.‖ For other people, he says, there may be a long-term worry. People can get cancer from low doses of ionizing(电离) radiation, the kind given out in a nuclear accident.


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          Professor Links says scientists can use computers to quickly model where radioactive material has blown and settled. Then they measure how large an area is polluted. He says if the situation is serious enough, officials could take steps like telling people not to eat locally grown food or drink the water. The reactors at Fukushima are on the Pacific coast. But Professor Links says people should not worry about any radioactive material coming into the ocean. ―Even in a worst-case accident, the sea provides a very high degree of dilution(稀释). So the concentration of radioactivity in the seawater would still be quite low.‖ Next month is the 25th anniversary(周年) of the explosion and fire that destroyed a reactor at Chernobyl in Ukraine. The 1986 event was the world‘s worst accident in the nuclear power industry. A new United Nations report says more than 6,000 cases of thyroid(甲状腺) cancer have been found. These are in people who were children in affected areas of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. The report says that by 2005 the cancers had resulted in 15 deaths. The cancers were largely caused by drinking polluted milk, which came from cows that ate grass where radioactive material had fallen.

          1. According to Professor Links, _______. A. people who receive extremely large amount of radiation are more likely to get cancer B. only the workers in the nuclear plant are exposed to high level of radiation C. low doses of radiation don‘t have any effects on people‘s health D. where radioactive material has spread, people should stop eating locally grown food 2. It is not a big concern that radioactive materials come into the ocean because _____. A. people are too far away to be affected B. they are of very small amount compared with the vast ocean C. the ocean can break down the radioactive materials D. they won‘t pollute the seawater 3. What can be the best title of the passage? A. The Fukushima Power Plant Accident. B. Bad Effects of Radiation upon People‘s Health. C. Worries about Radiation Risks. D. Crisis of the Nuclear Power Industry. BCC

          Passage 7 SANYA, Hainan—The leaders of the world‘s top rising economies promised on Thursday to work for peace and prosperity as they met in a disorderly background set by Middle East disorder and slow global economic recovery. President Hu Jintao, who hosted the 3rd summit of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in the resort city of Sanya, Hainan province, said erupting hot spots were affecting international stability.

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          The economic imbalance between the North and South remains striking and the root causes of the global financial crisis have not been resolved, Hu said. ―As we enter the second decade of the consider how human society will be able to peace and shared prosperity,‖ Hu told the the conference. ―We share the principle that the use of avoided,‖ the five leaders said in their joint while expressing serious concern over disorder especially in Libya. The five countries all UN Security Council, with China and Russia being two of the five permanent members. They discussed a range of issues and promised ―multilateral diplomacy with the United Nations playing the central role in dealing with global challenges and threats‖, according to the declaration. Among a series of proposals to help push global economic recovery, the declaration stressed the importance of pushing for sustainable growth and developing renewable energy, ―as a means to address climate change‖. The leaders also ―shared our expectations‖ for the United Nations climate change conference to be held in Durban in December. While expressing their sympathy for the disasters that Japan suffered, the leaders shared their belief in the declaration that ―nuclear energy will continue to be an important element in the future energy mix of BRICS countries‖, calling for continuing international cooperation in developing safe nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The BRICS now represents more than 40 percent of the world‘s population, owning 75 percent of the world‘s foreign exchange reserves, and their combined GDP accounted for 18 percent of the global total in 2010. 1. What‘s the best title of this passage? A. A conference held by BRICS. B. A conference held in Sanya. C. Leaders of BRICS hope to build a new world. D. Leaders of BRICS call for peace and prosperity. 2. According to the passage ________ should play the most important role in dealing with global problems. A. the BRICS C. the USA B. the United Nations D. the developed countries force should be Sanya Declaration, in the Middle East, serve as members of the 21st century, we need to ensure a century of BRICS leaders during

          3. Which of the following statements is wrong about the BRICS? A. There are over 40% of the world‘s population in the BRICS. B. The BRICS holds most of the world‘s foreign exchange reserves. C. 18% of the world‘s GDP is produced in the BRICS in 2010. D. The BRICS all serves as permanent members of the UN Security Council. 4. From the 9th paragraph we can infer that __________. A. the leaders showed great sympathy to Japan.

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          B. nuclear energy must be used for peaceful purposes C. the BRICS will continue to develop nuclear energy D. international cooperation is necessary in developing safe nuclear energy 5. What‘s the author‘s attitude toward the 3rd summit of the BRICS? A. Subjunctive B. Objective C. Critical D. Doubtful



          BARCELONA, Spain - China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, one of the nation's leading State-owned enterprises, has been putting major effort into developing "smart city" solutions for Chinese cities in recent years. The company has undertaken a "smart city design" for the Chinese cities of Wuhan, Hangzhou, Shenyang and Shaoxing, and over 20 other cities have contacted CASIC and shown interest in a similar design, according to Wang Jian, vice director of the Civil Industry Developing Dept, The Second Academy of the CASIC. Wang, who is attending the 2012 Smart City Expo World Congress in Barcelona, Spain, told that the company also has projects in Pakistan and Myanmar. It also hopes to become the supplier of the security system for the Brazil Olympics. The company, boasting a strong tradition in the military industry, has also been successful after entering the civil sector. It has offered security systems for big events including the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. CASIC later realized that cities also have the need for security systems, prompting the company to look at the larger picture – a smart city. Factors including traffic, medical care and infrastructure were considered for a "smart city" that makes urban life more convenient. In 2011, the city of Wuhan, capital of central China's Hubei province, launched an open tender to companies globally for a smart city solution, and CASIC won the bid.

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          "Our role is more than the technology supplier, we are more like the bridge that links what the government wants and the city's emotions," said Guo Huiming, vice general manager of Beijing Aerospace Changfeng Science Technology Industry Group Co Ltd of CASIC, explaining their winning secret. "We stand on the point of the government and help them find out what they really want." "In our opinion, a smart city consists of three dimensions: first, citizens will lead a more comfortable and harmonious life; second, enterprises will enjoy a better business environment and third the governance of the city will be more efficient,"Wang said. Efforts to make cities more suitable for living has never ceased, but a "smart city" is a comparatively new concept, emerging only after great progress in information technologies such as the Internet of Things and cloud computing. There have been 154 Chinese cities which have expressed a plan to "go smart," according to a survey by the China Communications Industry Association under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.China is in the process of great urbanization and the market potential for developing a smart city is huge, said Yu Jie, vice secretary general of the Internet of Things under the CCIA. 1.The passage is mainly about _______. A.CASIC helps Chinese cities get smart B.CASIC helps some countries get smart C.CASIC has helped Pakistan and Myanmar modernization D.CASIC helps Chinese urbanization 2.From the second paragraph we can know in not far future,perhaps there will be more than _______ appear in China. A.20 smart counties B.4 smart cities C.24 smart cities D.20 smart cities 3.A smart city means _________. A.the citizens have a very high qualification B.a city has a pretty deep sense of culture C.a city has an advanced security system D.the urban life is more convenient and safe in many aspects 4.According to the article,which of the following will be the next host of Olympic Games? _______ A.Brazil B.Russia C.Japan D.Spanish 5.The article implies that _______. A.a smart city will have better natural environment and traffic B.CASIC is not only the technology supplier but a bridge that links the government and the city‘s emotions C.the government will have more difficulties controlling a smart city because of the modernization and urbanization D.CASIC is not full of promising future if it invests in China




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          People around the world watched Britain‘s Prince William and Kate Middleton get married. The royal wedding broke records for live streaming on the Internet. It also produced more than two million tweets on Twitter. The ceremony took place Friday at Westminster Abbey in London. Kate wore a flowing white gown designed by Sarah Burton, the creative director of Alexander McQueen. William wore a red army uniform. It was Britain‘s biggest wedding since William and Harry‘s parents, Prince Charles and Princess Diana, were married in nineteen eighty-one. Nearly two thousand guests filled the church on Friday. Hundreds of thousands of people went to the streets and parks of London to watch the wedding on video screens. Among the wedding guests were English football star David Beckham and his wife Victoria, British Prime Minister David Cameron, the king of Norway and singer Elton John. Bahrain‘s crown prince(皇储) was invited but decided not to attend because of unrest(骚乱) in his country. Britain took back an invitation to the ambassador(外交官) from Syria over violence against protesters there. After the ceremony, the royal couple traveled to Buckingham Palace. Crowds cheered when the newlyweds appeared on a balcony greeting to them. Later, William drove his wife out of Buckingham Palace in an open-top Aston Martin car. William and the newest member of the royal(皇家的) family will now be known as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. Kate is twenty-nine years old. William will be twenty-nine in June. His grandmother is Queen Elizabeth. His father, Prince Charles, is first in line to become king. William, as the older son, is second in line. Kate would not become queen, however, since she is not in the royal blood line. There was a big celebration at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. That was where William and Kate first met as art history students in two thousand one. 1. The crown prince of Bahrain was absent from the grand British royal wedding because_____. A. Britain hadn‘t invited him B. his country was at a terrible situation C. he was faced with violence against protesters D. he refused to come to the wedding 2. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Singer Elton John attended the royal wedding. B. The British Prime Minister was one of the wedding guests. C. Kate is second in line to become queen. D. William‘s wife is known as Duchess of Cambridge. 3. It is implied in the passage that _____. A. the royal wedding was broadcast live through TV and the Internet B. the wedding has drawn attention of the world C. the newlyweds were majored in history ten years ago D. all the celebrities invited have attended the wedding

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          4. What can be the best title of the passage? A. Royal Wedding Takes Place B. Internet Craze about the Royal Wedding C. Celebrities Attending the Royal Wedding D. Happy Newlyweds


          Passage 10

          WENZHOU(Xinhua) -- The train collision in east China's Zhejiang Province has killed 39 people and left 192 others injured as of Sunday night, said a spokesman with the Ministry of Railways. A total of 132 people are still being treated in hospitals, said Wang Yongping, spokesman with the ministry at a press conference. Eleven people remain in critical condition, said Cheng Jinguo, head of the health bureau in the city of Wenzhou, where the collision happened Saturday night. Cheng said at the press conference that 52 people who suffered slight injuries had been discharged from hospital. Wang expressed condolences(哀悼) to the concerning families and sincere apology to all the passengers. The train's "black box" has been discovered and the ministry is investigating the cause of the crash, Wang said. Wang said the ministry will make public the cause of the accident as soon as the investigation is done and publish the names of the killed and injured. He said the crash has caused large number of casualties and great property losses. The ministry will find out the cause through thorough investigation and take effective measures to prevent similar accidents. Despite the accident, the spokesman said the ministry is still confident in the high-speed train. "China's high-speed train is advanced and qualified. We have confidence in it," he said. The damaged rails have been repaired and were ready to restart operation but the reopening was delayed by the stormy weather, according to Wang. Wang did not provide the exact time when the line would start operating again. The accident occurred at about 8:30 p.m. Saturday on a bridge near Wenzhou when bullet train D301 rear-ended(追 尾)D3115, which reportedly lost power after lightning strike. 1. According to Cheng Jianguo, ______ people who had been slightly injured had been recovered and left hospital. A. 39 B. 139 C. 52 D. 11

          2. What can be inferred from the passage? A. The operation was restarted the next day.

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          B. There was a thunderstorm when the trains crashed. C. The cause of the collision was made clear. D. Similar accidents would be avoided in later operations. 3. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The Railway Ministry is investigating the cause with the help of the ―black box‖. B. Bullet train D301 hit the train D3115 that stopped ahead of it due to lack of power. C. Bullet train D3115 was forced to stop as a result of the stormy weather. D. The operation of the line would be restarted with the stormy weather over. 4. What can be the best title of the passage? A. Trains Crashed Causing Deaths and Damage. B. Terrible Weather Leading to Trains‘ Collision. C. Investigations upon Trains‘ Collision. D. Confidence in Development of High-speed Trains.


          Passage 11

          As China is scrambling 快速爬行 to dispel 驱散 the pollution and smog that has plagued 烦扰某人 most of its cities this year while seeking a greener path amid 在其中,在其间 economic restructuring and urbanization, hopes are now pinned on the country's companies to help ease concerns. "Companies should and can be the key bearer of China's green and low-carbon development, not just because they are big emitters 发射器, 发射体 but they are major performers of R&D and have high-tech applications in this field," said Liu Yanhua, former vice-minister of the Science and Technology Ministry.


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          According to Liu, as much as 70 percent of the country's yearly emissions 发射,散发;喷射;发行 are generated 使 形成; 发生; 生殖 from companies during production and operation.China's coal consumption reached 3.62 billion tons in 2012, with carbon emissions taking up more than 60 percent of the global total increase in the same year, Liu added, citing statistics from the International Energy Agency. The country has stepped up its efforts to curb 控 制 carbon emissions in the past few years, calling for environment-friendly innovations and higher energy efficiency while deliberating on new regulations with ever-harsher 严厉的;严酷的 punishment against polluters in the country. "Pain would be inevitable for companies in the process of green transformation. But it's worthwhile in the longer run," said Liu, in a keynote speech during the Presidium and High-level Consultative Meeting on June 30 in preparation for the 6th World Environmental Conference due in November. In recent years an increasing number of Chinese companies have been engaged in energy conservation and mitigating 使缓和,使减轻 green-house gas emissions, in a bid to achieve future sustainable growth. "Low-carbon development entails 使…成为必要 a green shift of all links in the industrial chain. And that's how we balance short-term benefits and long-term growth," said Zhang Jianqiu, chief executive officer of Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group. Yili, China's second-largest dairy giant in terms of revenue 税收, raked in 30 million yuan ($4.89 million) in energy-saving profits in 2012 alone, as the company adopted more than 300 micro and small innovations during its low-carbon campaign. The company was recognized as the best low-carbon performer at the Third International Carbon-Value Awards initiated by the UN Industrial Development Organization and the International Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Association, or IEEPA. The green trend is irreversible, yet the road ahead is bumpy. "We have to subject the companies as the major economic players to market forces and let the fittest survive," said He Keng, former deputy head of the National Bureau of Statistics 1.From the article,you are likely to know that the intention of the author mainly tells us about ____. A.companies that have a large scale of production should be punished in China because of pollution B.companies should undertake mostly obligation in objecting to pollution and smog of this year in China C.big enterprises must make a good example for people D.China will have a better natural environment if it wants to go on a sustainable development 2.What is implied but not stated ________. like Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group.have created a vast of revenue in the past decade but they should have more responsibility to curb the pollution and smog of this year in China

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          B.In China,companies are the essential and big emitters of yearly carbon emissions C.probably China is one of the biggest emitters with carbon emissions in 2012,in the world D.Chinese companies have been engaged in mitigating green house gas emissions and innovating sustainable development 3.The underlined word ―it‖ in paragraph 5 mostly means __________. transformation C.progress D.pain

          4.Which of the following can best describe the attitude of the author towards _________. A.optimistic B.pessimistic C.neutral D.critical

          5.Which of the following titles best summarize the main idea for the passage? A.Environment Pollution and Economy B.Better Environment Rest with China‘s Companies C.Curbing Carbon Emissions D.The 6th World Environment Conference is Held BCDAB

          Passage 12

          Chinese star Yao Ming has retired. Yao made it official Wednesday, telling a news conference that a series of foot and leg injuries forced him to end his playing career at the age of 30. ―I will formally end my career,‘‘ said Yao, who became a household name in China before starting his NBA career with the Houston Rockets in 2002. Yao played eight seasons in the NBA. ―Today is an important day for me and holds a special meaning for both my basketball career and my future,‘‘ Yao said. ―I had to leave the court since I suffered a stress fracture (断裂) in my left foot for the third time at the end of last year. My past six months were a painful wait. I have been thinking about my future over and over. Today I am announcing a personal decision, ending my career as a basketball player and officially retire. But one door is closing and another one is opening.‘‘

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          Yao said he would return to work with his former Chinese team, the Shanghai Sharks, with the possibility of becoming general manager. He already owns the club and wants to contribute more.―My playing career started with the club. I hope I can do something for it,‘‘ Yao said. He later appeared with his family on the stage to the applause and cheers of the crowd. He thanked a lot of people — his family, former coaches, even players like Shaquille O‘Neal — ―for making me a better player.‘‘ Rockets general manager Daryl Morey was among those attending the farewell(告别) conference Wednesday. Morey made the long trip from Houston. Morey said 20 hours on planes was tiring but ―I would be sorry if I wasn‘t here.‖ ―It‘s a big moment,‘‘ Morey added. ―Yao had a sense of humor, a great attitude and sense of responsibility. I hope we can continue his culture in the NBA.‘‘ 1. Yao Ming has retired from basketball because of _____. A. his age C. his foot and leg injuries B. his bad conducts on the court D. his poor health

          2. Yao Ming was _____ before he decided to end his career as a basketball player. A. peaceful B. upset C. confident D. proud

          3. Yao Ming started his playing career in _____. A. Shanghai B. Houston C. Beijing D. New York 4. According to the passage, which of the following words can‘t be used to describe Yao Ming? A. Talented. B. Responsible. C. Humorous. D. Cautious.

          5. What do you know about Daryl Morey? A. Daryl Morey thinks highly of Yao Ming. B. Daryl Morey was Yao Ming‘s coach. C. Daryl Morey is a basketball player in the Houston Rockets. D. Daryl Morey is not satisfied with Yao Ming‘s retirement from basketball.

          CBADA Passage13

          A Rewarding Experience
          Last May, my wife and I returned from a month-long visit to Shanghai, Beijing and a number of other cities in China. It was a rewarding experience to see this vast country on its forward march. China recently overtook the United States as the world's largest market for car manufacturers, and indeed it seemed to me that the country's highways were packed with the latest models. While the United States and other Western countries slowly recover from the Great Recession, China is growing at an amazing rate of 9.5 percent. I witnessed China's industrial might while visiting Shanghai's huge container port – the world's largest. As far as the eye could see, a forest of red cranes 起重机 was loading and unloading containers with robotic precision. It was an amazing display of China's industrial clout 影响力?#30343;?#21147;. China has also overtaken America as the world's greatest trading nation, and this was obvious to me in Shanghai. In fact, China is now bankrolling America's trillion-dollar

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          budget deficit.赤字 I also found Beijing to be a thriving city. Its ancient and modern buildings represent China's great historical past and promising future. Strolling around the Forbidden City is like stepping back in time, while visiting the Olympic stadium is glimpsing the future. Both and Beijing represent China's glorious former days, its shinning, ambitious present and its even brighter future. I fell in love with the ancient city of Suzhou, known as China's Venice. It is truly a charming city worth discovering. We enjoyed a good cup of tea and Pingtan (traditional Suzhou entertainment) performances in our lovely hotel. We felt and touched ancient China in the hotel, with its latticed 装有格子的 windows and winding canal pathways, and tranquil. There is no better way to acquaint oneself with China's elegant charm than to relax in these green oases. We had a fantastic time on our trip to China. The only thing we would like to see changed in the country is a reduction in the levels of pollution in Beijing and Shanghai.

          1.According to the first paragraph ,you can infer which of the following is the mostly location of a car investor? A.Western countries B.China C.America D.Japan 2.In the text the author mentioned but not right that________ A.China‘s economy is growing at an amazing rate so as to bankroll America‘s trillion-dollar budget deficit B.Shanghai is the largest container port all over the world C.both Beijing and Shanghai not only represent China‘s glorious former days,but also their bright future D.both Beijing and Shanghai are developing very fast and became modernlization 3.When the author stayed in Suzhou,they most likely felt its _____ oasis B.the beauty of the Middle kingdom C.the beauty of ancient Ming gardens D.clean air and beautiful natural environment 4.Which of the following can best describe the attitude of the author towards ________ A.China‘s economy development B.China‘s ancient and modern buildings C.China‘s great progress including economy and environmental protection D.China‘s industrial development 5.How many cities has the author been to in China during this journey? A.3 B.4 C.5 D.6 BADCA Passage14

          Lessons from Antarctica

          My early knowledge of Antarctica was simply that it differs from the North Pole, which is largely a body of

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          water covered in snow and ice for most of the year. The South Pole, in contrast, has a large land territory – 13.9 million square kilometers – that constitutes a cornucopia(丰富, 富饶)of natural resources and wildlife. Antarctic temperatures, at an average -500 to -600 Celsius throughout the year, are so low that the snow never melts in some parts of the continent. It is the coldest place on earth. Because we were visiting during the (relatively) warm season, we were witness to thundering snow slides down rolling mountains, brash ice, and massive drifting icebergs in all formations(形状) imaginable. This vista was particularly striking at the Lemaire Strait, known as the iceberg cemetery.(墓地) I boarded an expedition ship along with a team of scientists with the intent of exploring this spectacular Antarctic Peninsula. It was as distant from the familiar as possible, and one of the most exciting adventures one can have. The feathers of penguins gleamed in the sun, while several species of whales gathered at the bow of our vessel(ship) to feast on krill(南极虾) as hordes(群体) of gray gulls cawed(呱呱叫) hungrily overhead. In the company of our guides, I went to a shore brimming with varied species of wildlife going about their daily lives, with instructions to maintain a five-meter distance from them. We were cautioned repeatedly that the only things we could take away from the visit were photos and memories, and that all we could leave behind was our footprints. Even picking a blade(叶片)of grass or a pebble(鹅卵石)was prohibited. The blue sky, snow-blanketed mountains and white clouds over the shining sea entranced and fascinated us. It is hard to believe that this land of overwhelming(压倒性的)beauty and peace was a center of argument in the early 20th century. Nine countries scrambled for it, and poachers(偷猎者)streamed in, leaving behind bloody killing fields littered with a great many of countless killed penguins, whales and sea lions. In recognizing that the interests of united humankind are foremost 主要的, the Antarctic Treaty drafted during the Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union proved that common interests could unite countries with different claims but with a common goal. When the treaty was renewed in 1991 for another 50 years, experts actually expressed confidence that it would last forever. The world has seen remarkable changes since the Cold War period, not least the growing scope of common interests that empowers(给---权力)countries to reach far more agreements than decades ago. 1.In the text,the writer mainly tells people that ________ A.there are many kinds of natural resources in the south pole B.the scene of the south pole is the most beautiful all over the world C.the humankind are threating the existance of wildlife and polluting the environment in the south pole D.the experience of the author in the south pole 2.In the beginning of his journey to the Antarctica,the author had thought _________ A.the south pole is only a continent consists of a cornucopia of natural resources and wildlife B.the Antarctica temperatures are even lower in winter than in summer C.the travel to the Antarctic would extremely dangerous D.he would bring many precious things back with him 3.From fifth paragraph,you can infer that _______ A.some countries have aborded the Antarctic to make science research B.some wildlifes have been killed to test on one has aborded the Antarctic before 20th century D.a large number of wildlife have been killed during past decades 4.In what part of a magazine can you read this text? A.Culture B.Forum C.Society D.Journey 5.The following that the author will mostly like to state _______ afterwards the text. A.his feelings about the south pole B.the Antarctica‖s prohibitions C.species of wildlife in the south pole D.the natural resources in the south pole

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          Local laborers harvest coffee beans under the harsh Yunnan sun.

          Growing Roots, and Coffee
          If the Malik children say they are from anywhere in particular they say they are from New York, but in reality they spent their childhood living in countries all over the world. Their father is Pakistani but moved to the U.S. Their mother is American, but grew up in India. With no real roots in any individual country, they could have ended up leading their lives anywhere, but fate led them to China. Sahra, Alia and Safi first came to China because of their father, who had taken the position of resident coordinator of the UN in China. Safi, still a teenager, attended an international school in Beijing. Sahra and Alia had already finished school and moved out of the family home, but were encouraged by their father to join the family as it moved to the East. “Come to China and see how you like it, ” he said to Sahra. She followed his advice, and it was here that she got her first job. Soon after they arrived, their mother moved to Shangri-La and established an NGO called the Yunnan Mountain Heritage Foundation (YMHF), which aims to protect and promote cultural heritage, handicrafts and sustainable tourism in the area. It was through the NGO that the younger Maliks became well acquainted with Yunnan and its people. To this day, the YMHF runs the Yunnan Mountain Heritage and Handicraft Center in Diqing Prefrecture, where it works with the community to promote local cultural heritage, handicrafts, and eco-tourism.

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          The family enjoyed traveling in the area, and came across a coffee shop that sold remarkably good coffee. They inquired about the coffee and, by chance, the head farmer of the cooperative responsible for growing it happened to be there. They immediately arranged a visit to his farm, and were impressed with the organic credentials of the operation. After several visits, they became good friends with the farmer. He bemoaned the fact that profits were small – the cooperative lacked sales channels through which they could sell processed drinking coffee to the rest of China. Later, Sahra, who was working as a senior art director at an advertising firm, helped design packaging for the coffee so that it could be sold to raise money for YMHF. This put an idea in her head: selling the organic, “ethical” coffee of Shangri-La Farms to the Chinese market would be a great way to bolster the profits of local farmers. “I thought I should put my skills to good use,” she says. “I quit my job and started doing this full time.”

          Carbon tax to come in China
          As Australia moves to scrap its pioneering carbon-pricing scheme, China is expected to have seven pilot pricing systems in place no later than 2015, followed by a national scheme, according to a new survey from the Australian National University. The survey, a joint initiative between the Centre for Climate Economics and Policy in the university's Crawford School of Public Policy and Beijing-based NGO China Carbon Forum, collected the opinions of 86 China-based carbon pricing experts. The survey found strong confidence that China will introduce carbon-pricing mechanisms in coming years, that the price of emitting carbon will rise over time and that China will have both a national emissions trading and a carbon tax by the end of the decade, the university said in a press release on Thursday. Study co-leader and Director of the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, Associate Professor Frank Jotzo, said that nationwide emissions trading is set to become a reality in China. "This would quite possibly be in tandem with a carbon tax and would give a boost to China's efforts to limit emissions growth and stop growth in coal use," Jotzo said. "A shift to market-based approaches to carbon control by the world's largest emitter is a big deal, especially at a time when Australia is poised to renounce its carbon pricing scheme," he said. "It would be somewhat ironic if China, with its tradition of heavy-handed direct control of its industry, were to move to emissions pricing while traditional market economies, such as Australia and the United States, rely on more direct government involvement." The survey also indicates an expected combined Chinese price for emissions trading and carbon tax of 70 yuan ($11.40) per ton in 2020, rising sharply thereafter.

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          The large majority of experts surveyed were also confident that China will achieve or surpass its 2020 emissions intensity target, and almost all expect that new targets will be set for 2020-25.

          Dozens dead in migrant shipwreck off Sicily
          PALERMO, Sicily - Dozens of people died on Friday when a boat carrying around 250 migrants capsized between Sicily and Tunisia, in the second such shipwreck this month, the Italian coastguard said. The Italian news agency ANSA reported that around 50 corpses had been sighted, including around 10 children, following the incident about 60 miles (100 km) south of the tiny island of Lampedusa. Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat told a news conference in Valletta there were indications at least 27 people had died "and the number is expected to rise, possibly drastically". At least 339 people drowned on October 3 when a boat carrying Eritrean and Somali migrants sank near Lampedusa, southwest of Sicily. The Maltese navy said one of its ships had rescued 150 migrants from Friday's wreck and an Italian navy vessel had saved 56. The most seriously injured were being taken by helicopter to Lampedusa. Maltese authorities were coordinating the rescue operation, which was in international waters but in a Maltese rescue zone, and a Maltese ship was on the scene, a spokesman for the island state's navy said. The boat was spotted in difficulty by a Maltese military plane at around 1400 GMT, which dropped a liferaft. "TIME FOR ACTION" "This is not just another wake-up call for Europe. This is the time for action," Muscat said, adding he had spoken to Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta to discuss the latest disaster. "This is a European problem, not a problem for Italy or Malta only." Italy is asking for more European Union support and an overhaul of the bloc's immigration rules after last week's shipwreck. Last week's disaster was one of the worst in a protracted migrant crisis in which tens of thousands of people have arrived in flimsy, overcrowded boats in southern Italy, and some vessels wrecked. Lampedusa, midway between Sicily and Tunisia, has borne the brunt.


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          According to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 32,000 have arrived in southern Italy and Malta this year alone, around two thirds of whom have filed requests for asylum. Earlier on Friday at least 500 more migrants in at least three separate boats arrived or were rescued on the way to different areas of Sicily. Most migrants come from sub-Saharan Africa, but this year many are fleeing the civil war in Syria or political turmoil in Egypt and other parts of North Africa. Many are drawn by hopes of finding work in Europe and often do not stay in Italy.

          Tina Fey, Amy Poehler return to host Golden Globe Awards

          Actresses Tina Fey (L) and Amy Poehler present the award for Outstanding Supporting Actress In A Comedy Series at the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards in Los Angeles September 22, 2013. [Photo/Agencies] Actresses Tina Fey and Amy Poehler, the hosts of this year's Golden Globe Awards, have signed a deal to head the show in 2014 and 2015, organizers said on Tuesday. Golden Globe and Emmy winner Fey, 43, and Poehler, 42, will host the 71st Annual Golden Globe Awards from Beverly Hills on January 12, which will be broadcast live on the Comcast Corp's NBC network, as well as the show the following year. Fey and Poehler, who developed a strong comic rapport a decade ago while on NBC's late-night sketch comedy show "Saturday Night Live," helped boost the Golden Globes viewership to its best ratings in six years in January. The 2013 telecast attracted 19.7 million viewers, a 17 percent increase from the previous year when British comedian Ricky Gervais hosted the program. "Tina and Amy are two of the most talented comedic writer/performers in our business and they were a major reason the Golden Globes was the most entertaining awards show of last season," Paul Telegdy, the president of alternative and late

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          night programming at NBC Entertainment, said in a statement. Fey and Poehler - who have had their own NBC comedy series, "30 Rock" and "Parks and Recreation," respectively boosted viewership 28 percent in the 18-to-49 age demographic most coveted by advertisers. The duo won praise from critics for fostering a comedic but relaxed atmosphere at the awards after three years of Gervais' acidic humor that some believed was in poor taste and was not always well received by the celebrity-filled audience. Fey and Poehler's understated tone also will be mimicked by the Oscars this year, as organizers brought on comedian and talk show host Ellen DeGeneres to lead the Academy Awards after "Family Guy" creator and provocative comedian Seth MacFarlane drew mixed reviews for his sometimes raunchy act in February. The Golden Globes, which are given out annually for achievement in both film and television by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, kicks off the Hollywood film awards season. It does not always tip Oscar winners as the HFPA has fewer than 100 voters while Oscar voters number close to 6,000. Last year, Iran hostage drama "Argo" won best dramatic film at the Golden Globes as well as best picture at the Oscars, but Golden Globe big winner "Les Miserables," which won best comedy/musical film, was only able to score a single top Oscar award when Anne Hathaway won best supporting actress.


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          I am the wind, the gentle wind; I am the clouds, the slow, drifting clouds; I am the water, the silent water; I am the mountains, the boundless mountains… If you so want, I will be the gentle wind that will wrap around your lonely spirit! If you so desire, I will be the slow, drifting clouds that will unquestioningly be your support! If you so wish, I will be that silent water, without a murmur, protecting you by your side. If you so will, I will love you unrelentingly, just like those boundless, unbroken mountain ranges and valleys! But, I regret I am not the wind and not able to take care of you. I hate that I am not the clouds and not able to bring you warmth; I pity myself that I am not the water and not able to be so pure; I am angry that I am not the mountains and not able to have my love will be as immovable as I would like. I can only be myself this time, my mortal, earthly self, my only self, the only self that I can ever hope to be. I thirst for love but I do not understand her deep mystery. I strive for transcendence but I would rather be silent and nameless. I want to be mature but I would rather remain innocent. I would like that she love me, but I do not know even if I truly love her! Endless searching, thirsting, striving, pursuing-where are my goals? Where is my future? In this mundane world, I am one lonely speck; in this universe I am a powerless particle of dust. My love, thought beautiful, is nothing great in itself. And so, I ask only to live as well as I can. In truth, there is no need to live one?s life basking in glory, rising above men—— so long as one‘s life has some value, has some security… Fearless and capricious, love will cause me great pain. Youth, transient and inconstant, will bring me loneliness. Work, busy and mindless, will make me lost. I am just searching for and waiting for some of that which shines, that which is radiant in life…


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          Keep on Singing 爱的奇迹

          Like any good mother, when Karen found out that another baby was on the way, she did what she could to help her three-year-old son, Michael, prepare for a new sibling. They find out that the new baby is going to be a girl, and day after day, night after night, Michael sings to his sister in Mommy's tummy. The pregnancy progresses normally for Karen. Then the labor pains come. Every five minutes ... every minute. But Complications arise during delivery. Hours of labor. Would a C-section be required? Finally, Michael's little sister is born. But she is in serious condition. With siren howling in the night, the ambulance rushes the infant to the neonatal intensive care unit at St. Mary's Hospital in Knoxville, Tennessee. The days inch by. The little girl gets worse. The pediatric specialist tells the parents, "There is very little hope. Be prepared for the worst." Karen and her husband contact a local cemetery about a burial plot. They have fixed up a special room in their home for the new baby — now they plan a funeral. Michael, keeps begging his parents to let him see his sister, "I want to sing to her," he says. Week two in intensive care. It looks as if a funeral will come before the week is over. Michael keeps nagging about singing to his sister, but kids are never allowed in Intensive Care. But Karen makes up her mind. She will take Michael whether they like it or not. If he doesn't see his sister now, he may never see her alive. She dresses him in an oversized scrub suit and marches him into ICU. He looks like a walking laundry basket, but the head nurse recognizes him as a child and bellows, "Get that kid out of here now! No children are allowed." The mother rises up strong in Karen, and the usually mild-mannered lady glares steel-eyed into the head nurse's face, her lips a firm line. "He is not leaving until he sings to his sister!" Karen tows Michael to his sister's bedside. He gazes at the tiny infant losing the battle to live. And he begins to sing. In the pure hearted voice of a 3-year-old, Michael sings: "You are my sunshine, my only sunshine, you make me happy when skies are gray — " Funeral plans are scrapped. The next, day — the very next day — the little girl is well enough to go home! The medical staff just called it a miracle. Karen called it a miracle of God's love! NEVER GIVE UP ON THE PEOPLE YOU LOVE. LOVE IS SO INCREDIBLY POWERFUL.


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          Happy marriage 幸福的婚姻

          A man and his girlfriend were married. It was a large celebration. All of their friends and family came to see the lovely ceremony and to partake of the festivities and celebrations. All had a wonderful time. The bride was gorgeous in her white wedding gown and the groom was very dashing in his black tuxedo. Everyone could tell that the love they had for each other was true. A few months later, the wife came to the husband with a proposal, "I read in a magazine, a while ago, about how we can strengthen our marriage," she offered. "Each of us will write a list of the things that we find a bit annoying with the other person. Then, we can talk about how we can fix them together and make our lives happier together." The husband agreed. So each of them went to a separate room in the house and thought of the things that annoyed them about the other. They thought about this question for the rest of the day and wrote down what they came up with. The next morning, at the breakfast table, they decided that they would go over their lists. "I'll start," offered the wife. She took out her list. It had many items on it, enough to fill three pages. In fact, as she started reading the list of the little annoyances, she noticed that tears were starting to appear in her husband's eyes. "What's wrong?" she asked. "Nothing," the husband replied, "keep reading your list." The wife continued to read until she had read all three pages to her husband. She neatly placed her list on the table and folded her hands over the top of it. "Now, you read your list and then we'll talk about the things on both of our lists," she said happily. Quietly the husband stated, "I don't have anything on my list. I think that you are perfect the way that you are. I don't

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          want you to change anything for me. You are lovely and wonderful and I wouldn't want to try and change anything about you." The wife, touched by his honesty and the depth of his love for her and his acceptance of her, turned her head and wept. In life, there are enough times when we are disappointed, depressed and annoyed. We don't really have to go looking for them. We have a wonderful world that is full of beauty, light and promise. Why waste time in this world looking for the bad, disappointing or annoying when we can look around us, and see the wondrous things before us?

          Thanksgiving and thankfulness 感恩的双手

          Thanksgiving Day was near. The first grade teacher gave her class a fun assignment—to draw a picture of something for which they were thankful. Most of the class might be considered economically disadvantaged, but still many would celebrate the holiday with turkey and other traditional goodies of the season. These, the teacher thought, would be the subjects of most of her students‘ art. And they were. But Douglas made a different kind of picture. Douglas was a different kind of boy. He was the teacher's true child of misery, frail and unhappy. As other children played at recess, Douglas was likely to stand close by her side. One could only guess at the pain Douglas felt behind those sad eyes. Yes, his picture was different. When asked to draw a picture of something for which he was thankful, he drew a hand. Nothing else. Just an empty hand. His abstract image captured the imagination of his peers. Whose hand could it be? One child guessed it was the hand of a farmer, because farmers raise turkeys. Another suggested a police officer, because the police protect and care for people. Still others guessed it was the hand of God, for God feeds us. And so the discussion went—until the teacher almost forgot the young artist himself. When the children had gone on to other assignments, she paused at Douglas‘ desk, bent down, and asked him whose

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          hand it was. The little boy looked away and murmured, "It's yours, teacher." She recalled the times she had taken his hand and walked with him here or there, as she had the other students. How often had she said, "Take my hand, Douglas, we'll go outside." Or, "Let me show you how to hold your pencil." Or, "Let's do this together." Douglas was most thankful for his teacher's hand. Brushing aside a tear, she went on with her work. The story speaks of more than thankfulness. It says something about teachers teaching and parents parenting and friends showing friendship, and how much it means to the Douglases of the world. They might not always say thanks, but they'll remember the hand that reaches out.

          Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions, like great winds, have blown me hither and thither, in a wayward course, over a great ocean of anguish, reaching to the very verge of despair. I have sought love, first, because it brings ecstasy - ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness--that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold unfathomable lifeless abyss. I have sought it finally, because in the union of love I have seen, in a mystic miniature, the prefiguring vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought, and though it might seem too good for human life, this is what--at last--I have found. With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. And I have tried to apprehend the Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flux. A little of this, but not much, I have achieved. Love and knowledge, so far as they were possible, led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine, victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people a burden to their sons, and the whole world of loneliness, poverty, and pain make a mockery of what human life should be. I long to alleviate this evil, but I cannot, and I too suffer. This has been my life. I have found it worth living, and would gladly live it again if the chance were offered me.

          Today, more than ever before, education is playing an important role in the teaching of children. The school has become a vital part of every community, drawing children from every walk of life. The children are eager to take advantage of its opportunities, emerging from their sheltered confines, dipping easily into the habits of the student. They are coming from far and near, struggling towards an education, whetting their appetites for

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          knowledge, forming friendships for the future. Childish energy lets nothing stand in its way. In their tiny hands, they hold the future. The person upon whose capable shoulders rests the responsibility for their education is that unsung hero, the teacher. He must be fair, honest, understanding, and intelligent. He must handle every situation with the utmost dignity. With a complete understanding of his pupils, the experienced teacher equips himself for the classroom. The students eagerly return to the classroom. Youthful minds are encouraged to develop their latent talents. Ah, yes, the creative outlets of the arts and the crafts. Tests and examinations fill out the day, as bright little minds gather knowledge form their teacher. But the little hands make the time pass quickly. Contrary to popular belief, the teacher‘s work is not through at the end of the school day. Oh, no. There‘re many unfinished chores -- blackboards to be cleaned, erasers dusted, and of course the ever-present parent-teacher relationship. So it‘s to this great profession and its halls of learning that we dedicate this. When the occasion arises, there‘re times when disciplinary actions must be taken.

          Traveling in poorer nations, I have witnessed a variety of ways to deal with beggars. The most common response of tourists faced with the poverty-stricken is to ignore them and focus their eyes elsewhere. I have seen people push away an outstretched hand in angry annoyance. A few may hastily drop a few coins into a beseeching palm, and then execute a quick getaway in hopes that another 20 ragged pursuers won't immediately appear on the scene. But I feel it's worthwhile to try to live by the words of English author John Cowper Powys: "No one can consider himself wholly civilized who does not look upon every individual, without a single exception, as of deep and startling interest." I once spotted a legless man sitting by a road at the Pushkar Camel Fair in India. I was returning to my tent after recording the exotic music of the dancing men of Pushkar and was replaying the music on my tape recorder. When the man's smile lured me to join him, we began to communicate in the kind of sign language and laughter one learns while vagabonding around the world. After mimicking the whirling skirts and sticks, I showed him how my tape recorder worked. He motioned for me to give it to him. I hesitated, but only for a moment. After examining it carefully, he began to sing a hauntingly beautiful song, indicating that he wanted me to record it and take it home as a memory of our time together. Moments before, we had been total strangers: suddenly, we were cemented in a momentary friendship born of our common existence in this world. His eyes shone as we exchanged names. My experience with Vidur confirmed the truth of the Scandinavian proverb: "In every man there is a king. Speak to the king, and the king will come forth." I've learned that those considered the world's most hopeless are so often rich in humanity, with hearts yearning to be affirmed - and ready to respond. My life continues to be enriched by connecting with everyday humanity. Each time I do this, I rediscover that what I have been given is far beyond monetary value. And I reaffirm that everyone is worthy - and worth knowing.


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          A Beautiful Memory
          Er the loveliest house that I‘ve ever lived in was one that I lived in with my grandparents when I was a child. And the name of the house was Crosslands. And I have some very happy memories of Crosslands. It was, it seemed so huge to me as a child. And it had a lovely living room with a piano in it and a lovely sort of hall with lots of carpets and chests and antiques and so on. And there was a mysterious room, it was the drawing room, and we only used it on Sundays, or when the vicar came for tea, or Christmas Day or Easter Day, and I was -used to be amazed about this room because it had the best furniture in it but it was covered up with sheets - it was as if all the furniture was wearing clothes -and it seemed to me ridiculous that we couldn‘t enjoy this beautiful furniture all the week through really. And probably my favorite room was the kitchen. It had a lovely red flagstone floor, which was always highly polished, and an Aga, you know one of those big cookers that heats the whole room so it was always warm there, and there was a kind of clothes-horse above it that we used to hang all our clothes on, and it was just - it was lovely. It was a very warm room with baked bread and - my grandmother used to make ice cream and we‘d eat it in there and there was a vegetable garden leading from there so I spent a lot of time in the vegetable garden picking peas and eating them - my grandmother used to get really cross with me because I used to pick all the vegetables and the fruit for our meals and then I‘d eat half of them, because they tasted so delicious coming fresh from the garden. Now, I went back to it a few years ago and it was a big mistake. They‘ve modernized it inside, they‘ve got rid of those lovely old fire- places have just gone. And they‘ve knocked a wall down so the drawing room and the living room have become one big modern plastic kind of room. But I think what upset me most about it was the feeling that the house had shrunk, it had become smaller and that my memory of this lovely large warm comfortable house had turned into an old house with modernized rooms inside it. And it taught me a lesson really, that you can‘t go back on the past and recapture it. But there‘s a beautiful memory there.

          Eating Nuts Associated with Reduced Death Rate


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          Eat nuts, live longer. Researchers have found that those who eat a handful of peanuts or cashews every day significantly decrease their risk of dying from all causes compared to those who do not eat nuts. A new study concludes that all types of nuts seem to be protective. It does not matter whether they are peanuts grown on the ground or tree nuts, such as almonds, Brazil nuts, hazelnuts, walnuts or cashews. Those who eat nuts at least five times per week seem to be healthier and live longer than those who do not consume nuts regularly. Researcher Ying Bao is with the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women‘s Hospital and Harvard University Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts. She and her colleagues looked at the impact of nut consumption by analyzing two huge studies that began in 1980 - the Nurses‘ Health Study, which tracks the well-being of more than 76,000 women, and 42,000 men enrolled in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Among the questions asked at the beginning of the studies was, 'how frequently do you eat nuts?' The information was updated every two to four years. Bao says the participants were followed for three decades. ―What we observed is that people who eat more nuts are less likely to die over the next 30 years," said Bao. "So , for example, if a person eat(s) nuts once per day, that person has a 20 percent lower risk of dying.‖ Bao says eating a handful of nuts five or more times per week was associated with a 29 percent reduced risk of dying from heart disease and an 11 percent lower risk of cancer death. A serving size is 28 grams. Previous studies have linked nut consumption to a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, colon cancer, gallstones and diverticulitis or inflammation within the large bowel. Nuts contain nutrients, including high quality proteins, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals, all of which have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects and may help protect the heart. Bao says researchers are planning studies to find out how nuts are beneficial to human health. "The exact biological mechanisms are unclear at this point. And the next step we are going to do is to look at the association between nut consumption and the different biomarkers," he said. "And we have data available for these two large studies."


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          EU firms to step up investment in China
          More European companies are planning further investment in China, the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China said on Thursday.These companies are showing increasing interest in China thanks to new opportunities they perceive to be promised by the country's new leadership as it seeks further economic growth through reform, said Davide Cucino, president of the chamber. Of 550 European companies surveyed — all with a presence in the Chinese market for more than five years — 86 percent are considering further investment to expand operations in the world's second-largest economy, while 41 percent are planning merger and acquisition deals this year.The proportion of EU companies reporting obvious revenue growth in China in 2012 fell from 36 percent to 22 percent, while the proportion of those recording profit growth dropped from 73 percent to 64 percent, the survey showed. "In spite of some challenges in weak market conditions, China remains a pillar for European companies' global revenue generation," Cucino said. The proportion of companies considering moving investments outside China this year is 10 percent, down from 22 percent in 2012.Ninety-four percent of respondents said China is increasingly important to their global strategy or has the same level of importance it did the previous year.Cucino said the huge market demand in China is one of the reasons continued investment is being attracted from EU companies. To upgrade the economy, the central government is looking to a series of reforms in finance, taxation, agriculture and technology. The survey found that 38 percent of respondents believe China's new leadership will implement significant economic reforms. Kang Yan said, "European companies are expanding operations and geographical reach to achieve greater economies of scale and are strengthening in areas where they already hold advantages in order to maintain an edge over local competition." More than half of the European companies are planning to expand their business from first-tier cities to the second- and third-tier cities in China, with interest growing in the western region of the country.The survey found that Sichuan tops the list of destinations the companies are shifting their focus to, followed by Guangdong and Chongqing.In recent years, the large-scale development strategy in the western region has drawn global attention, making the region a hot investment area for foreign companies.(375words)

          Keeping track of diet through texting can help lose weight


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          Previous research has shown that when people keep track of their diet and exercise habits, they do better at losing weight. However, sticking with detailed monitoring of what you eat and your exercise habits electronically or through traditional pen and paper can prove cumbersome. If people stop doing it, they may stop losing weight.Tracking this information through text messages could save time and improve the likelihood of people sticking with their get-healthy routine, said researchers at Duke University. Their study, published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, found that after six months, 26 obese women who used daily texting as part of the Shape Plan weight-loss intervention lost nearly 1.3 kg, while another 24 who followed traditional methods gained 1.1 kg.The average age of participants was 38. The daily text messages focused on tracking tailored behavioural goals (i.e., no sugary drinks, 10,000 steps per day) along with brief feedback and tips. Every morning, participants got a text from an automated system that said, "Please text yesterday's number of steps you walked, number of sugary drinks, and if you ate fast food."Based on how they responded to the text, the automated system sent another text with personalized feedback and a tip. "Text messaging has become ubiquitous and may be an effective method to simplify tracking of diet and exercise behaviours," said lead author Dori Steinberg, a post-doctoral obesity researcher in the Duke Obesity Prevention Programme.Text messaging offers several advantages compared to other self-monitoring methods, she said. Unlike Web-based diet and exercise diaries, data in a text message can be entered quickly on nearly all mobile phone platforms. This provides more portability, nearly real-time tracking and more accessibility for receiving tailored feedback, she said. The study primarily focused on helping obese black women lose weight (82 percent of participants were black). Researchers said that's because 59 percent of black women are obese, and many use cell phones. This combination makes text messaging a good way to reach this high-risk population. About half of participants texted every day throughout the six-month programme, with 85 per cent texting at least two days per week. Most participants reported that that texting was easy, and helped them meet their goals.The key challenge in weight loss is helping people keep weight off for the long-term. So the next step is to see if texting can help people maintain their weight loss, researchers said.

          New Energy: Key to Energy Conservation and

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          Reduced Emissions
          A fleet of 40 Foton Generation II pure-electric buses hit Beijing’s roads on September 12. Each one saves 11 kWh more electricity per 100 km than the Generation I model. Over a one-year period in which a bus clocks up 60,000 km, this adds up to a saving of around 6,600 kWh of electricity – enough power to run an average household for six years. Foton has provided Beijing with 3,000 new-energy and environmentally-friendly buses in 2013, including 1,000 that run on liquefied natural gas (LNG) and 2,000 pure-electric buses.

          Improvements in Beijing

          A charging station in downtown Beijing for electric buses. China will promote new-energy motor vehicles in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, where PM 2.5 levels are the highest, according to a circular issued jointly by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance. From 2013 to 2015, the government expects sales in the country’s megacities and key regions of at least 10,000 new-energy vehicles, and of 5,000 units in other cities and regions. It will also encourage procurement of new-energy vehicles by local governments and public institutions. The document proposes that no less than 30 percent of autos purchased for public transportation, public affairs, logistics and environmental sanitation purposes be new-energy vehicles. Development and utilization of new energy is now crucial to controlling and preventing environmental pollution. In addition to new-energy buses, 1,600 electric taxis are also at large on the roads of Beijing’s nine suburban districts and counties. Their operational costs are significantly lower than gasoline-fueled cabs. Tsinghua and two other universities launched a project on September 11 that enables teachers and students on the three campuses to rent electric motor vehicles from a pool of 100. It will expand to 200 by the end of this year. The project is part of the Electric Vehicles in Beijing Plan initiated by the Beijing Municipal Commission of Science and Technology. Its ultimate aim is to set up electric vehicle rental services in 100 science parks and 100 colleges, universities and scientific research institutions, as well as a website for sharing rental service information, by 2017. By the end of 2017 an estimated 200,000 new- and clean-energy vehicles will hit Beijing’s roads, 70 percent of them private cars. The Beijing municipal government is also considering a non-restrictive policy on license plates for purchases of new-energy cars. At present, prospective car purchasers obtain plates through a lottery system. Solar and biomass energy utilization has also been greatly promoted in big cities, notably Beijing. To promote solar energy, Beijing launched the “Sunshine Bathrooms” and “Sunshine Schools” programs. The

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          latter entails installing solar photovoltaic (PV) systems capable of generating 120 million kwh of green electricity a year on the roofs of 100 middle and elementary schools. China ’s largest rooftop solar PV project in the public sector to date, the first batch of 61 schools is now generating electricity. A rooftop solar PV project has also been systematically promoted in industrial development zones and factories in Daxing District, south Beijing. The solar PV system near the Badaling Great Wall in north Beijing, with an installed capacity of 31.08 mega-watts, is the first renewable energy project specifically aimed at agricultural production and forestry.

          Tea: a symbol of friendship between China and Nepal
          Serving tea is integral 完整的,整体的 to both Nepalese and Chinese culture. The people in Nepal welcome their guests with a cup of tea. It is something that is offered to strangers and friends alike. In China, virtually every dwelling ?#24188;?even down to the simplest mud hut has a set of tea implements for brewing 酝酿;计划 a hot pot of tea. These implements are symbols of welcome for visitors and neighbors. Additionally, tea is also an offer of sincere apology, to express gratitude and to connect large families and friends . Hence, Nepal and China share common values when it comes to enjoying tea. Tea has great antioxidant 抗氧化剂 properties and it may prevent many diseases insuring good health in human beings. Green tea, which is popular in China and far east, has been credited to prevent gastric , pancreatic, bladder and ovarian cancers. Green tea may also lower cholesterol 胆固醇 and triglyceride 甘油三酯 levels. It may destroys bacteria that contribute to the cavities in the teeth, and also help in preventing coronary 冠状动脉 heart disease and blood clots. The black tea which is more common in Nepal also have many health benefits such as strengthening the immune system and making oral and skeletal health more strong. These health benefits also have played an important role in promoting commercial production of tea in Nepal and China. In Nepal, 11.7 million kg of tea is produced every year from various tea estates. Out of this, two million kg of tea is the “orthodox tea”- a very valuable tea made in the higher altitudes of Nepal. This tea is exported to India, France, Germany and the USA. Nepal ranks 19th in tea production in the world. China is the top producer of tea in the world boasting an array of tea leaves varieties. Tea production in China has rapidly increased over the past decade: from seven percent of the total domestic beverage volume to twenty five percent in 2012. It is expected that in 2013 the annual production of tea will be worth $14.7 billion with about 230 enterprises. These statistics indicate that the tea industry is enormous and is contributing in enhancing the GDP of both countries. Because of its health benefits drinking tea is becoming increasingly popular in health conscious people. However, too much tea may also be responsible for some health problems. If drunk in excess, tea may cause gastric ulcers. Tea might contain tannic acid and if drunk too much may result in anemia and iron deficiency. The person who consumes a lot may also develop the kidney and liver diseases. Therefore observing moderation in tea drinking would be a wise practice for both Nepal and China.

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          Children Run Slower than Parents' Generation

          Children cannot run as fast as their parents’ generation did, according to new research.The American Heart Association said the decline in fitness may indicate worse health in adulthood. “If a young person is generally unfit now, then they are more likely to develop conditions like heart disease later in life,” said Grant Tomkinson, Ph.D., lead author of the study and senior lecturer in the University of South Australia’s School of Health Sciences, which was presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2013 in Dallas, Texas. The researcher said that while there are different kinds of fitness such as strength and flexibility, “not all these types of fitness relate well to health.” “The most important type of fitness for good health is cardiovascular fitness, which is the ability to exercise vigorously for a long time, like running multiple laps around an oval track,” Tomkinson said. Researchers analyzed 50 studies on running fitness between 1964 and 2010 that involved more than 25 million kids, ages 9 to 17, in 28 countries. They gauged cardiovascular endurance by how far kids could run in a set time or how long it took to run a set distance. Tests typically lasted five to 15 minutes or covered a half-mile to two miles. Cardiovascular endurance declined significantly within the 46 years, the researchers found. Average changes were similar between boys and girls, younger and older kids, and across different regions, although they varied country to country.Some key findings showed that kids in the U.S. saw their cardiovascular endurance fall an average 6 percent per decade between 1970 and 2000. Endurance around the world fell by 5 percent, and kids are roughly 15 percent less fit from a cardiovascular

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          standpoint than their parents were as youngsters. In the mile run, for example, kids today are about a minute and a half slower than their peers 30 years ago. Country-by-country fitness findings are mirrored in measurements of overweight/obesity and body fat, suggesting one factor may cause the other.“In fact, about 30 percent to 60 percent of the declines in endurance running performance can be explained by increases in fat mass,” Tomkinson said. The American Heart Association says kids should engage in at least 60 minutes of daily activities that use the body’s big muscles, such as running, swimming or cycling.

          As part of the 2013 Caravan for Peace Tour, Tartit was the second Malian group to come through Washington D.C. on
          July 29th. This post features my interview with them in French — with English subtitles. It was a thrill to see Disco again (Fadimata Walet Omar) after ten years. If you haven‘t learned about Tuareg music or women yet, I guarantee you will be enlightened. For two, hot summer weeks in June and July of 2003, I shared the stage every day with the musical group called Tartit. The venue was the Smithsonian‘s annual Folklife Festival sprawled out in tents, food trucks and open-aired performance spaces along the length of Washington D.C.‘s national mall. That year, the Republic of Mali was one of the three featured regions and I was invited to be one of its music presenters. Every day from morning to night, I presented many of Mali‘s superstars such as Oumou Sangare, Neba Solo, Mariam Bagayogo,as well as lesser known regional stars like Tabital Pulaku from the northern region of Mopti, and Tartit from the northern region of Timbuktu. Fadimata Walet Omar, the leader and spokesperson of the group, spoke only broken French and no English at all.o I was her English interpreter on stage. I remember being struck by the things she said in regards to the fierce independence and power of Tuareg women in Mali. Her ensemble also surprised me: women playing one-string fiddles (that sound like four-strings), mortar drums, singing in Tamashek and producing ululations of many colors. They pounded out rhythms based on variations of the Sahelian camel‘s gait. I also had the job of interpreting this music to assist the thousands of eager tourists who, standing before us day in and day out, wanted to dance and clap to it but

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          didn‘t know how. Fortunately, I learned how to clap and move to the rhythms efficiently because Tartit (and all of the other musical acts) gave three to four repeat performances every day. By the end of the two weeks, I was an honorary member and friend of Fadimata, the group, as well as Tuareg music and culture. Ten years later in 2013, we meet again in the video featured here. We are again in Washington D.C. but this time we‘re in the studio of the Voice of America. Tartit is with me again. But this time, as refugees living in Burkina Faso and Mauritania as a consequence of the 2012 civil war in Mali. They come with strong messages of women‘s rights, democracy, literacy, and most of all, the hope for peace and unity in Mali.

          Evidence of New Meat-eating Dinosaur Discovered in Utah

          U.S. paleontologists say they‘ve discovered a new species of meat-eating dinosaur that lived about 98 million years ago and dominated the early ancestors of fearsome predators such as the Tyrannosaurus Rex. The newly discovered species, named Siats meekerorum after a cannibalistic man-eating monster from Native American tribal legend, is one of the three largest carnivorous dinosaurs ever found in North America. The largest of that group was the T-Rex, which came along about 30 million years after the Siats and weighed more than twice as much. The North Carolina and Illinois researchers behind the discovery say this new species is a member of a group of gigantic

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          meat-eaters called carcharodontosaurs, which include some of the largest predatory dinosaurs ever discovered. Writing in Nature Communications, the researchers say they found the partial skeleton of the new predator in Utah‘s Cedar Mountain Formation back in 2008.

          ―It‘s been 63 years since a predator of this size has been named from North America,‖ said Lindsay Zanno, a North Carolina State University paleontologist and lead author of the paper. ―You can‘t imagine how thrilled we were to see the bones of this behemoth poking out of the hillside.‖ The remains found by Zanno and research partner Peter Makovicky, from Chicago‘s Field Museum of Natural History, were of a youngster that was more than 9 meters long and weighed about 3,630 kg. They theorize that an adult of the species may have been about 12 meters long and weighed about 6,200 kg. The Siats dinosaur lived during the Late Cretaceous period in lush surroundings with large amounts of vegetation and water, which supported a variety of animal life such as plant-eating dinosaurs, turtles, crocodiles, and giant lungfish. Until this discovery, scientists didn‘t know what species was the top carnivore in North America at that time. ―Carcharodontosaurs reigned for much longer in North America than we expected,‖ said Zanno. The discovery has filled a 30-million-year gap in the fossil record, when the role of the top predator went from Siats and other carcharodontosaurs in the early Cretaceous period, to species of tyrannosaurs in the late Cretaceous period. That gap in the fossil record had paleontologists unsure of when tyrannosaurs took over the title of top predator and whether it was because they overpowered the carcharodontosaurs or simply took over after the carcharodontosaurs became extinct. The scientists said their research has made it clear that the large size of the Siats meekerorum would have kept the

          smaller species of tyrannosaurs from besting them. ―The huge size difference certainly suggests that tyrannosaurs were held in check by carcharodontosaurs, and only evolved into enormous apex predators after the carcharodontosaurs disappeared,‖ says Makovicky. ―Contemporary tyrannosaurs would have been no more than a nuisance to Siats, like jackals at a lion kill. It wasn‘t until carcharodontosaurs bowed out that the stage could be set for the evolution of T. rex,‖ said Zanno.


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          语法填空 The major goal of economic development is to improve people‘s consumption and living standards. Increasing consumption may contribute to economic growth in the short term. However, the real driving force of sustained economic growth is investment rather than consumption because continuous increase in consumption should have a precondition, namely, an increase in income. Higher incomes depend on constant improvement of labor productivity. Improvement of the level of labor productivity is usually a result of technical innovation and industrial upgrading, both of which rely heavily on investment. Sustained economic growth also relies on improved infrastructure, a must for decreasing the cost of transactions and removing the bottleneck to economic growth. Without investment, technical innovation, industrial upgrading and constant improvement of infrastructure are impossible. Without improvement of labor productivity, talk of increasing consumption is nothing but hot air. If a country continued to increase consumption in spite of the overall condition of these factors, it would run into debt. If it kept borrowing more and more and could not stop, it would lose its debt-servicing capacity and eventually fall into crisis. This is exactly what happened in the United States and southern Europe in recent years. Conversely, investment in technical innovation, industrial upgrading and infrastructure would result in an improvement of labor productivity and economic efficiency, which would eventually increase income. In the latter phase of this cycle, investment and consumption would increase simultaneously. The fact is that during the period 2008 to 2012, China‘s annual increase of consumption was 9.2 percent, while that in the period from 1978 to 2007 was 7.7 percent. This shows that the period during which China was experiencing domestic and overseas criticism for investment-led growth also happened to be the period witnessing the fastest growth in consumption.

          No young man believes he shall ever die. It was a saying of my brother‘s, and a fine one. There is a feeling of Eternity in youth, which makes us amend for everything. To be young is to be as one of the Immo rtal Gods. One half of time indeed is flown-the other half remains in store for us with all its countless treasur es; for there is no line drawn, and we see no limit to our hopes and wishes. We make the coming age our own- The vast, the unbounded prospect lies before us. Death. old age. are words without a meaning. that pass by us like the idea air which we regard not. Others m ay have undergone, or may still be liable to them-we "bear a charmed life‖, which laughs to scorn all such si ckly fancies. As in setting out on delightful journey, we strain our eager gaze forwardBidding the lovely scenes at distance hail! And see no end to the landscape, new objects presenting themselves as we advance; so, in the commenceme nt of life, we set no bounds to our inclinations. nor to the unrestricted opportunities of gratifying them. we ha ve as yet found no obstacle, no disposition to flag; and it seems that we can go on so forever. We look roun d in a new world, full of life, and motion, and ceaseless progress; and feel in ourselves all the vigor and spir it to keep pace with it, and do not foresee from any present symptoms how we shall be left behind in the na tural course of things, decline into old age, and drop into the grave. It is the simplicity, and as it were abstra ctedness of our feelings in youth, that (so to speak) identifies us with nature, and (our experience being slight and our passions strong) deludes us into a belief of being immortal like it. Our short-lives connection with e xistence we fondly flatter ourselves, is an indissoluble and lasting union-a honeymoon that knows neither coldn ess, jar, nor separation. As infants smile and sleep, we are rocked in the cradle of our wayward fancies, and l ulled into security by the roar of the universe around us0we quaff the cup of life with eager haste without dra

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          ining it, instead of which it only overflows the more-objects press around us, filling the mind with their magni tude and with the strong of desires that wait upon them, so that we have no room for the thoughts of death.

          To a large degree,the measure of our peace of mind is determined by how much we are able to live in the present moment.Irrespective of what happened yesterday or last year,and what may or may not happen tomorrow,the present moment is where you are-always. Without question,many of us have mastered the neurotic art of spending much of our lives worrying about a variety of things -all at once.We allow past problems and future concerns to dominate our present moments,so much so that we end up anxious,frustrated,depressed,and hopeless.On the flip side,we also postpone our gratification, our stated priorities , and our happiness , often convincing ourselves that ‘ someday ’ will be better than today. Unfortunately, the same mental dynamics that tell us to look toward the future will only repeat themselves so that ‘someday ’ never actually arrives. John Lennon once said, ‘Life is what’ s happening while we’ re busy making other plans. ’ When we’ re busy making‘other plans’ , our children are busy growing up, the people we love are moving away and dying,our bodies are getting out of shape,and our dreams are slipping away.In short,we miss out on life. Many people live as if life were a dress rehearsal for some later date. It isn’ t. In fact, no one has a guarantee that he or she will be here tomorrow.Now is the only time we have,and the only time that we have any control over.When our attention is in the present moment,we push fear from our minds.Fear is the concern over events that might happen in the future-we won’ t have enough money,our children will get into trouble,we will get old and die,whatever. To combat fear,the best strategy is to learn to bring your attention back to the present.Mark Twain said, ‘I have been through some terrible things in my life,some of which actually happened.I don’t think I can say it any better.Practice keeping your attention on the here and now.Your efforts will pay great dividends.




          2015高考英语时文阅读理解试题_高考_高中教育_教育专区。2015届高考英语时文阅读理解试题 研究表明 , ?#21482;?#21644;平板正逐渐取代电视 , 成为娱乐的第 一选择 . 智能...


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